Department of Agricultural Sciences

About the department

The Department of Agricultural Sciences was established in 1992 as one of the first two faculties. At its inception, the department was offering a four year Bachelor Science in Agriculture and Natural Resources degree. After a curriculum review the degree was restructured to a 3 year programme with majors in crop production, horticulture, animal production, and irrigation and water management. The Africa University Bachelor of Science degree (B.Sc.) in Agriculture and Natural Resources is a unique blend of theory, practical training and exposure to continental issues. The programme prepares young women and men for careers and contributions in agricultural production, processing, marketing, policy, management, teaching, research, development and service. In response to the growing challenges of environmental degradation and food insecurity, the faculty introduced a B.Sc. Programme in Natural Resources Management. The new degree programme prepares young women and men for careers and contributions in Environmental Management, Wildlife, Forestry and Fisheries Management, In addition, the B.Sc. Agribusiness Management degree program was added in order to train students to operate small businesses in agriculture. The first graduate programs were introduced in 2001. The Faculty started with the Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Crop Production and Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) degrees.


The Department of Agricultural Sciences at Africa University seeks to promote a holistic approach to life and recognize the sacredness of our environment. It intends to achieve this by establishing a dynamic community of learning committed to teaching, research and outreach by addressing the challenges of food production to meet the nutritional requirements of Africa and encouraging income generation to improve the quality of life of current and future generations through improved agricultural practices and the sustainable management of natural resources..

  1. Preparing men and women for careers and contributions in agricultural production, processing, marketing, policy, management, teaching, research, development and service.
  2. Bring its expertise to bear on rural and urban development through teaching, research and outreach.
  3. Creating an understanding of a holistic, integrated systems approach to agriculture and related resource management.
  4. Complementing and supplementing learning opportunities of students and faculty in universities, colleges and other training institutions.
  5. Addressing issues of equity and poverty reduction through actions, which affirm the importance of small-scale farmers and other disadvantaged groups and recognizing gender.
  6. Graduating students who have an appropriate balance between theory and practical application of knowledge and entrepreneurial skills.
  7. Developing a training process which will produce moral and ethical graduates who possess a willingness to respond to the needs and welfare of people.

Basic Entry Requirements

5 O'level passes including English Language and Mathematics / Applied Mathematics/ Pure Mathematics / Applied Statistics. At least two GCE Advanced level passes in Geography, Agriculture, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Management of Business, Accounts, Biology and Economics    or  a recognized relevant Diploma.

Click here for More information about this programme.


Basic Entry Requirements

5 O'level passes including English Language and Mathematics / Applied Mathematics/ Pure Mathematics / Applied Statistics. At least two GCE Advanced level passes in Geography, Agriculture, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Management of Business, Accounts, Biology and Economics    or  a recognized relevant Diploma.

Click here for More information about this programme.



Basic Entry Requirements

5 ‘O’ level passes including English Language and Mathematics / Applied Mathematics/ Pure Mathematics / Applied Statistics. At least two GCE Advanced level passes in Geography, Agriculture, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Management of Business, Accounts, Biology and Economics or a recognized relevant Diploma.

Click here for More information about this programme.


Basic Entry Requirements

A good first degree in relevant areas e.g. Agriculture and Natural Resources, Agronomy, Crop Science, Horticulture or related fields

Click here for More information about this programme.


Basic Entry Requirements

A good first degree in relevant areas e.g. Agriculture and Natural Resources, Agronomy, Crop Science, Horticulture or related fields

Click here for More information about this programme.


Basic Entry Requirements

A good first degree in a relevant area.

Click here for More information about this programme.


Basic Entry Requirements

A good Master’s degree in a relevant area.

Click here for More information about this programme.


Research and outreach

Abstract

Improving Soil fertility in Smallholder Maize and Groundnut Production systems.
1. Agronomic Effectiveness of poor quality manure supplemented with phosphate fertilizer on maize and groundnuts in a maize groundnut rotation.
2. Groundnut yield response to single superphosphate, calcitic lime and gypsum on acid granitic sandy soil.
Three scientific papers were published.

Participants in the Research

Dr F. Tagwira- Principal Investigator
Dr M. Piha – Collaborator.
3 M. Phil. Degree Students

Funding

Two grants received

US$195 000

Research Theme

Measuring leaching losses of nitrogen using polyethylene lysimeters

Partipants in the Research

Dr F. Tagwira

Funding

US$45 000

Agribusiness Outreach Program

Partipants in the Research

ACFD and Africa University

Funding

One Grant received

US$250 000

Research Theme/ Abstrsact

1. Methods of improving Dorowa phosphate rock dissolution.
2. Evaluation of effectiveness of elemental sulphur, pig and chicken manure on P dissolution from Dorowa Phosphate Rock (DPR) using cowpeas (VIGNA UNGUICULATA) and maizeE (ZEA MAYS) as indicator crops.
3. Assessing effect of different crop sequences on effectiveness of Dorowa Phosphate Rock (DPR) as a source of available phosphorus
5 scientific papers published.

Partipants in the Research

6 M.Sc students trained.

Funding

$250 000

Research Theme/ Abstrsact

Studying urban nutrient cycles

Funding

$25 000

Research Theme/ Abstrsact

Over the last few years, Zimbabwe has seen an increase in imported fertilizers. Many of these fertilizers are marketed to local farmers using recommendations developed in countries were the soils are totally different from those found in Zimbabwe. The biggest problem is with nitrogen fertilizers. This research sought to determine the yield and economic benefits derived from three imported urea types compared with ammonium nitrate.

Partipants in the Research

Ongoing research

Funding

Funded by a fertilizer marketing organization.

Research Theme/ Abstrsact

With increase in University population, Africa University runs the risk of seriously polluting the Nyagambu river with sewage effluent. The environmental Agency has warned institution about this. Through use of vetiver grass the university may be able to reduce or completely eliminate the problem. The aim of the research is to develop a decision support system that can be used to determine amount of vertiver to us both in the ponds and effluent discharge site to eliminate the pollution.

Partipants in the Research

Ongoing research

Funding

NIL

Research Theme/ Abstrsact

Africa University has been a pioneer in the introduction of Grain Amaranth to the Africa. Research carried out at the University in the last few years has demonstrated the potential benefits of grain amaranth in Zimbabwe. Many NGOs today promote the growing and consumption of the grain. A number logistical challenges along the grain amaranth value chain however still exist. Agronomic, harvesting technology and value addition research need to be carried out to support grain amaranth extension.

Partipants in the Research

F. Tagwira
M. Tagwira
Dick Dugger

Funding

NIL

Abstract
Meant to increase awareness and improve understanding of the unique characteristics of avocado
Participants in the Research

Mr Chikanda

Funding

Supported by the department through Horticulture

Abstract

Characterization of pawpaw

Research Topic

The Role of ICT in Disseminating Agricultural Information

Participants in the Research

Student honours project with Albert Makedenge

Funding

NIL

Research Topic

Cassava nutrient enrichment through fortification with grain Legumes

Abstract

There are high levels of food and nutrition insecurity among rural households in Sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty and food insecurity is also common among rural communities. Cassava being a drought tolerant crop has great potential of reducing poverty and food insecurity. However, the crop is deficient in protein, a vital nutrient in human nutrition. The project aims to reduce poverty through improved food and nutrition security in rural households through the production and utilisation of fortified cassava products.

Participants in the Research

Mr. J. Tabarira
Mr. T. A. Mtaita
Dr. P. T. Chikafu
Ms. E. M. Chadambuka

Funding

NIL

Research Topic

Catalogue of Hymenopteran and Dipteran parasitoids of Lepidopteran Pest species in Zimbabwe and in South Carolina

Abstract

A longitudinal study of Hymenopteran and Dipteran parasitoids of Lepidopteran pest species in Zimbabwe and South Carolina has been conducted since the year 2007. Hymenopteran Parasitoids found include Cotesia plutellae, Oomyzus sokolowski, Diadegma sp., Brachymeria sp. and Cotesia sp. Dipteran parasitoids found include Schembria eldana. Studies so far have shown that levels of parasitoid are not high enough to achieve effective control and will need to be augmented to effective levels.

Participants in the Research

MSc Crop Production students

Funding

NIL

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important crop in Zimbabwe contributing 4 % of national gross domestic product. The experiment was carried to investigate the performance of different lines and commercially available potato varieties on disease severity, growth and yield at Africa University. Twenty different potato breeding lines from Seed-Co against control cultivars were investigated. The experiment was laid in a Rectangular Lattice Block Design with two replications. Highest tuber yield (41.6 t/Ha) was produced from line 395195.7. Line 398190.735 produced the least total tuber yield (8.9 t/Ha). Data pertaining days to first flower showed that BP1 had the maximum time (58 days). The minimum time (36 days) was required to first flower in variety Amethyst. Amethyst was first to reach 50 % flowering with minimum days (40.7 days) and BP1 reaches 50% flowering within 65.3 days. Amethyst took the minimum time (15.7 days) for emergence of sprouts and the maximum time (27.7 days) was achieved in variety KY20 and line 396311.1W. MC INTRO, Amethyst and KY20 showed very high susceptibility to late blight. Line 398190.735 showed the best tolerance to late blight. Line 397006.18 was the tallest (83cm). The minimum height (51cm) was shown in line (396311.1W). Line 395195.7 showed most vigorous plants while BP1 and line 396311.W produced the least vigorous plants. All the control varieties (Amethyst, BP1, KY20 and Mondial) yielded above commercially accepted production yield (15t/Ha). Considering these parameters line 395195.7, 397066.18, 390478.9, 398192.41 appeared to be the highest yielding varieties and are recommended for further trials and introduction.

Participants in the Research

Undergraduate research project by Ishmael Gabaza

Funding

Funded by Seedco

Abstract

The lack of information on the agronomic practices of collard greens have led to low adoption of the crop by both small and large scale farmers. This has made it unavailable on the leafy vegetable market of Zimbabwe. An experiment was carried out at Africa University farm to determine the yield response of collard greens Brassica oleracea var acephala to different nitrogen rates. A complete randomized block design was used with 3 blocks and 5 treatments which were: 0; 86kgN/ha; 173 kgN/ha; 259 kgN/ha and 345kgN/ha. The AN application was applied in 3 split applications. Data was collected over a period of 7 weeks. Three parameters were measured to include plant height, leaf length and yield. The data was subjected to ANOVA. Results showed that the nitrogen application rate that gives the optimum yield is 259kgN/ha. The yield increased at a decreasing rate until it reached the optimum before declining. Plant height showed significant increases with increasing nitrogen application rates. Leaf length responded significantly positively to increased nitrogen up to 172.5kgN/ha, then started to decline.

Partipants in the Research

Undergraduate research project by Wiseman Mukwenje

Funding

Self-funded from sales of produce

Academic Staff

MR TUARIRA MTAITA

Email: mtaitam@africau.edu

Ext: 1059

Academic Qualifications
  • M.Sc. (London)
  • B.Sc. (Sokoine, Tanzania)

Recent Publications

1. Admire S, Robert M, MtaitaT and Upenyu M (2014). Influence of Main Stem Density on Irish Potato Growth and Yield: A Review. . Annual Research and Review in Biology. 4(19):………,2014. Science Domain International.
2. Admire Shayanovako1, Robert Mangani1, Tuarira Mtaita1and UpenyuMazarura2 . Influence of Main Stem Density on Irish Potato Growth and Yield: A Review. Annual Research & Review in Biology 4(19):…………..,2014. Science Domain International www.sciencedomain.org.
3. Matenda, T. Mtaita,T A and Shoko M (2013). Use of improved milled composted pine bark for growing tomato and cucumber seedlings in Zimbabwe. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3(2), pp. 47 – 57, February 2013. ISSN 2276 – 7118 Scholarly-Journals.©
4. N D Makobo, M.D Shoko and T A Mtaita.(2010). Nutrient content of Vegetable Amaranth (Amaranths cruentus L.). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences (3): 238-242,2010. ISSN 1817-3047. IDSI Publications.
5. D Makobo, M.D Shoko and T A Mtaita.(2010). Nutrient content of Amaranthus (Amaranths cruentus L.) under different processing and preservation methods. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences (6): 238-242,2010. ISSN 1817-3047. IDSI Publications.
6. Moses Mtetwa, Munashe Shoko and TuariraMtaita (2009). The effect of super phosphate and plant density on mini-tuber production from True Potato Seed. (TPS). International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. ISSN 1991-8631
7. W. Ngezimana, T AMtaita, M Shoko and M Tagwira (2008) Improving biological efficiency of Oyster mushroom, Pleurotusostreatus Fr. (Polyporaceae), through composting and use of organic suppliments. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sc.. 2(1): 72-80, ISSN 1991-8631
8. Wonder NGEZIMANA, TAMtaita and ItaiMutukwa (2007) Potential of organic residues in producing Oyster Mushrooms. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. ISSN 1991-8631

Chapters in Books
1. T A Mtaita (1997) Women in home gardening. Small holder horticulture in Zimbabwe. University of Zimbabwe Publications. pp190-195.
2. Mtaita T A, B. Mangwiro and A N Mphuru (2001). The role of horticultural plants in combating desertification. Combating desertification with plants. In Dov Pasternak and Arnold Schlissel (editors). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. pp 33-438.12.
3. Mtaita T A (2003). Producing planting material in fruit crops. Seed security for food security. A manual for development workers. In MutizwaMukute, Sarah Kimakwa and Doreen Mnyulwa (editors) pp 184 – 194.
4. Mtaita T A (2003). Growing fruits under marginal conditions. Field Guide to Appropriate Technology. Academic Press. 84 Theobald’s Road, London, WCIX 8RR, UK: 344 – 348.
5. Mtaita T A (2003). Vegetable gardening. Field Guide to Appropriate Technology. Academic Press. 84 Theobald’s Road, London, WCIX 8RR, UK: 297 – 302.
6. Mtaita T A (2003). Coconut production. Field Guide to Appropriate Technology. Academic Press. 84 Theobald’s Road, London, WCIX 8RR, UK: 340 – 344.
7. Mangwiro B, Thamangani S and T A Mtaita (2003). Cassava production. Field Guide to Appropriate Technology. Academic Press. 84 Theobald’s Road, London, WCIX 8RR, UK: 318 – 322.

Published Books

1. Mtaita T A (2011)."Principles of Seed and Vegetable Production", (ISBN 978-3-8465-1166-4,). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG
2. Mtaita T A (2011).Know Your Fruit Trees. (ISBN 978-3-8454-7737-4). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG
3. Mtaita T A and ItaiMutukwa(2011) Mushroom: A crop of choice" (ISBN 978-3-8454-7074-0). ,). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG
4. Mtaita T A and Mutetwa Moses (2012)"Facts about round potato (Solanumtuberosum). ISBN 978-3-659-28458-8. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG
5. Mtaita T A (2012). Facts about Garden Design and Care of Flowers and Foliage. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG
6. Mtaita Ta and TabariraJefta (2013). "Cassava: A gentle giant for past, present and future", (ISBN 978-3-659-35368-0). . LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG

PROF FANUEL TAGWIRA

Email: ftagwira@africau.edu

Ext: 2059

Academic Qualifications
  • B.Sc. in Biology and Chemistry (National University of Lesotho)
  • M.Sc. Soil Chemistry (Reading University, UK)
  • PhD in Soil Chemistry and Fertility awarded by University of Zimbabwe but carried out jointly with Michigan State University

Research Grants
  1. Rockefeller foundation- Research and M.Sc. Training Grant
  2. International Foundation for Science – Research Grant
  3. Kellogg Foundation – Outreach Grant
  4. RUFORUM – Research and M.Sc. training Grant
  5. LEAD International – DRISS Research Grant

Reviewer of research grant proposals for donor organizations.

Outreach activities:
  1. Assisting smallholder farmers with food security issues. Training farmers on growing grain amaranth, Moringa and other valuable but less known but nutritious crops.
  2. Working with City residents on implementation of Agenda 21.
Areas of Interest:

Soil fertility management in smallholder agriculture. N, P, K response curves for various soils and crops. Phosphate rock dissolution studies, Phosphorus and Zinc Studies in Zimbabwean soils. Manure and urban waste use as sources of nutrients for smallholder and peri-urban farmers. Nutrient and heavy metal accumulation is sludge treated soils. Grain Amaranth production.


Book Chapters:
  1. Tagwira, F. 1997. Conservation Techniques for Sustainable Crop Production in Zimbabwe pp 118-128 IN Environment and sustainable development in East and Southern Africa. Eds. A. Ghaffer M. Ahmed and W. Mlay. Macmillan Press Ltd (UK). ISBN 0-333-69942-4
  2. Tagwira, F. 2001. Soil fertility and Fertilizer Use. In Field Guide of Appropriate Technology. Eds. Barret Hazeltine. Academic Press. San Diego. CA. U.S.A. (In press)
  3. Tagwira, F. 1994. Chemical and Physical factors associated with micronutrient status and availability in Zimbabwean soils. Page 128-141. In Dambo Farming in Zimbabwe. Eds. Owen, R. Verbeek, K., Jackson, J. and T. Steenhuis.
Journals Papers:
  1. Jones, U.S., M. Piha, and F. Tagwira. 1989. Evaluation of four soil tests extractants for Zimbabwean soils. Comm. in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20: (17&18) 1857-1871.
  2. Tagwira, F., T. Oloya and G.G. Nleya. 1992. Copper status and distribution in the major Zimbabwean soils. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. Vol. 23: (7-8): 659 – 673.
  3. Tagwira, F. 1992. Soil erosion and conservation for sustainable agriculture in Zimbabwe. J. Soil and Water Conservation pp 370 - 376.
  4. Tagwira, F., M. Piha and L Mugwira. 1992. Zinc distribution in Zimbabwean soils and its relationship with other factors. Comm. in Soil Sci. and Plant Analysis 24: (9- 10) 841 - 861.
  5. Tagwira, F., M. Piha and L. Mugwira. 1992. Effect of pH and P on zinc adsorption in Zimbabwean soils. Comm. Soil Sci. and Plant Analysis 24 (7-8) 701 -717.
  6. Tagwira, F., M. Piha and L. Mugwira. 1992. Effect of lime phosphorus and zinc on growth, yield and zinc status of maize. Comm. in Soil Sci. Plant Analysis 24: (7-8) 717-736.
  7. Tagwira, F., M. Piha and L. Mugwira. 1992. Effect of pH, P and organic matter on zinc availability and distribution in the different soil fractions. Comm. Soil Sci. and Plant Analysis 23: (13-14) 1485-1501.
  8. Oloya, T. and F. Tagwira. 1996. Effect of sewage sludge applications on elemental accumulation and distribution in soil profile. Zimbabwe J. Agric. Res. 34 (1) 11-18.
  9. Oloya, T. and Tagwira, F. 1996. Yield and elemental composition of wheat and soybeans grown on sludge amended soils. Zimbabwe J. Agric. Res. 34 (1) 19-27.
  10. Tagwira, F. 1993. Growth yield, phosphorus and zinc uptake by maize as affected by liming and phosphate applications. Zimbabwe J. Agric. Res. Vol 33 (1) 69- 82.
  11. Tagwira, F. 1993. Some chemical and physical factors that are associated with micronutrient status and availability in Zimbabwean soils. Zimbabwean J. Agric. Res. 31 pg 43-51.
  12. Tagwira, 1996. Commercial development of Vernonia Galamensis as an industrial crop. SACCAR 35:1-7.
  13. Chikowo, R. and Tagwira F and M. Piha.1999. Agronomic Effectiveness of poor quality Manure supplemented with phosphate fertilizer on maize and groundnuts in a maize groundnut rotation. African Crop Science Journal 7(4) 383 –395.
  14. Shoko, M., F. Tagwira and M. Zhou (2007). Potential of reducing nitrogen fertilizer rates using soybean in sugarcane production system in South East Lowveld of Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 2 (9) (475-480).
  15. Tembo, L; Chiteka, Z., I. Kadzere, Akinnifesi F and F. Tagwira (2008) Blanching and drying period affect moisture loss and Vitamin C content in Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk). African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (8) pp 3100-3106.
  16. Tembo, L; Chiteka, Z., I. Kadzere, Akinnifesi F and F. Tagwira (2008). Ripening stage and drying method affecting colour and quality attributes of Ziziphus mauritiana fruits in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (9) pp 2509 – 2513.
  17. Tembo, L; Chiteka, Z., I. Kadzere, Akinnifesi F and F. Tagwira (2008) Storage Temperature affects fruit quality attributes of Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (8) pp 3092-3099.
  18. Shoko M., Tagwira, F., Zhou, M. and Pieterse, P.J. (2009). The use of soybean (Glycine max) as a break crop affect the sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum) variety CP72-2086 in Zimbabwe. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6: 12-18.
  19. Shoko M., Tagwira, F., Zhou, M. and Pieterse, P.J. (2009) Biophysical measurements as basis for exploring yields of an irrigated plant crop of sugarcane in semi arid Zimbabwe. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5(1): 83-89.
  20. Pahla I., Tagwira F., Muzemu S. and Chitamba J. (2013). Effects of Soil Type and Manure Level on the Establishment and Growth of Moringa oleifera Innocent International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 2013, 3(6): 226-230:
  21. Pahla I, Tagwira F., Muziri T. and Chitamba J. (2014). Effects of pH, Nitrogen and Phosphorus on the Establishment and Growth of Moringaoleifera Lam. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 2014, 4(3): 211-216
  22. Mupangwa W. and Tagwira F. (2005) Groundnut Yield Response to Single Superphosphate, Calcitic Lime and Gypsum on Acid Granitic Sandy Soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 73(2):161-169 .
  23. Masuka B.P.1, Mrema M.1, Mupanda K.1, Tagwira F.1 and Ajayi O.C (2005). Effect of different extension approaches on the adoption of agroforestry in Buhera and Mutasa Districts, Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe. Extension approaches on Adoption of Agroforestry pg.85 96.

DR Z. A. CHITEKA

Email:

Ext:

Academic Qualifications
  • B.Sc. Agriculture Honours (University of Zimbabwe)
  • M. Sc. Agronomy (Plant Breeding and Genetics) University of Florida, USA
  • PhD Agronomy (Plant Breeding and Genetics) University of Florida, USA.
Research Grants
  1. Rockefeller foundation- Research and PhD training Grant
  2. ICRISAT Research Grant in Groundnut Breeding
  3. RUFORUM , Nurturing Grant and Research for M.Sc training.
  4. EU Strengthening Capacities and informing Policy on value chains for underutilized

Reviewed of research grant proposals for USAID grant to Mozambique Department of Research IIAM.

Outreach activities:
  1. Board member SEEDCO and Interim Chair of the SEEDCO Group Research Committee.
  2. Board Member Agricultural Research Council
  3. Achievements
    • Released two improved groundnut cultivars that are currently utilized by farmers in Zimbabwe. These are Falcon, a short season cultivar and Heron, a long season groundnut cultivar.
    • Assistant Editor: Zimbabwe Agricultural Journal 1990-1993I served as an assistant editor for the Zimbabwe Agricultural Journal.
    • Editor, UNDP Africa 2000 Network Environment Newsletter “It’s Ours 2000-2002
    • Peer Reviewer, Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education 2010 to present.
    • Commissioner, Zimbabwe Constitutional Commission of 2009.
    Visiting Lecturer

    1. Advanced Plant Breeding: M.Sc. and PhD. Department of Crop Science Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.1 December 2008 to 26 February 2009.
    2. Advanced Plant Breeding: M.Sc. and PhD. University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa, February 2015
    3. Research Methods M.Sc. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Kenya

    Research Interest:

    Agronomy, breeding and advancement and promotion of underutilized crops Bambara nut, grain amaranth, groundnut cultivar improvement and seed multiplication.

Book Chapters:

  1. Chiteka, Z. A. G. E. Zharare. 1992. Groundnut. Chapter 10 In: Small Scale agriculture in Zimbabwe. Field Crop Production. E. E. Whingwiri, K. Mashingaidze, and M. Rukuni (Eds.) Rockwood Publishers, Harare pp123-129.
  2. Chiteka Z. A., G. L. Hildebrand, G. Schmidt, and P Subrahmanyam. 1992. The groundnut in Southern Africa: Problems and Research progress. In: Groundnut Perspectives: Proc. Of the Second International Workshop on Groundnuts. 25-30 November, 1991.
  3. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics ICRISAT. Patancheru. 502524 AP India.
Journals Papers:
  1. 1. Shumba, E. M. and Z. A. Chiteka. 1987. The effect of seed source and previous crop husbandry practices on groundnut seed viability. Zimbabwe Agricultural Journal 84:1-3
  2. Chiteka, Z. A. , D. W. Gorbet, D. A. Knauft, F. M. Shokes, and T. A. Kucharek. 1988. Components of resistance to late levels-Levels, variability and implications in selection for resistance to late levels in peanuts. Peanut Sci. 15:25-30.
  3. Chiteka, Z. A. , D. W. Gorbet, D. a. Knauft, F. M. Shokes, and T. A. Kucharek. 1988. Correlations among components of resistance and their significance in breeding for resistance to late levels in peanuts. Peanut Sci. 15:76-81.
  4. Chiteka, Z. A. G. E. Zharare. 1992. Groundnut. Chapter 10 In: Small Scale agriculture in Zimbabwe. Field Crop Production. E. E. Whingwiri, K. Mashingaidze, and M. Rukuni (Eds.) Rockwood Publishers, Harare pp123-129.
  5. Chiteka Z. A. 1997. Components of resistance to early leaf spot in peanut-Genetic variability and heritability. Proc Soil Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. Vol. 56:63-68.
  6. Tembo L., Chiteka Z.A., Kadzere I., Akinnifesi F., and Tagwira F. 2008. Ripening stage and drying method affecting colour and
  7. Tembo L., Chiteka Z.A., Kadzere I., Akinnifesi F., and Tagwira F. 2008. Blanching and drying method effect on postharvest fruit quality of Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk.) in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology 7 (8) 3100-31006.
  8. Tembo L., Chiteka Z.A., Kadzere I., Akinnifesi F., and Tagwira F. 2008. Storage temperature affects fruit quality of Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk.) in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (8) pp 3092-3099
  9. Mhungu, S. and Z. A. Chiteka 2010. The Effect of Timing of Earthing up on the Performance of Bambara Groundnut in the Mutasa District of Manicaland Province in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Workshop of the Regional Universities Forum. 22 – 28 September 2010. Entebbe, Uganda.
  10. Chikoshana A. T., Tichagwa, J. S. and Chiteka Z. A. 2012. Influence of number of days from planting to harvest on growth and development and stage of maturity on the nutritional value of three vegetable soyabean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) cultivars in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the RUFORUM Biennial Conference 24 – 29 September 2012, Entebbe, Uganda
  11. Mvumi C. Tagwira, F. and Z. A. Chiteka. 2012. Effect of Moringa Extract on Growth and Yield of Tomato. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (5), pp. 207-211, September 2012.
  12. Mvumi C. Tagwira, F. and Z. A. Chiteka. 2012. Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous extract on growth and yield of rape and cabbage Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. (3) (1) PP55-62
  13. Mashayamombe, B. K. Mazarura, U. and Z. A. Chiteka. 2013. Effect of Two Formulations of Sufentrazone on Weed Control in Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum L.). Asian Economic and Social Society ISSN (P): 2304-1455, ISSN (E): 2224-4433 Volume 3 No. 1 January 2013.
  14. Mashayamombe, B. K. Mazarura, U. and Z. A. Chiteka. 2013. Effect of Two Formulations of Sufentrazone on Weed Control in Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum L.) Asian Economic and Social Society ISSN (P): 2304-1455, ISSN (E): 2224-4433 Volume 3 No. 1 January 2013.
  15. Masasa, R. T., Setimela, P. S. and Z. A. Chiteka, 2013. Evaluation of open pollinated varieties of maize for resistance to the maize weevil in a controlled temperature and humidity laboratory in Zimbabwe Euphytica Vol. 190 No 2 2013.

MRS MARGARET TAGWIRA

Email: tagwiram@africau.edu

Ext: 1055

Academic Qualifications
  • 2007: Master of Public Health (MPH) Africa University
  • 1990: Specialist Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (Virology)
  • 1992: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree (University of Lesotho)
  • 2010: Graduate diploma in NGO management (Africa University)

Achievements

1987-1991: Trainee Medical Laboratory Scientist at The University of Zimbabwe medical Microbiology (Virology) while attached to Veterinary Research Laboratories and setting up the virology laboratory at the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zimbabwe. As a medical scientist I achieved the following:

I excelled in different in-vivo and in-vitro techniques of isolating and concentrating viral material for diagnostic purposes as follows:

  1. growing and maintenance of different human cell lines and Primary animal cells for virus isolations and diagnostics
  2. Embryonated hen egg techniques for viral isolation, concentration or diagnosis. These included Chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), Amniotic Cavity, Allantoic Cavity and Yolk sac inoculations.
  3. Animal techniques e.g.: growing viruses in day old mice for virus isolations, concentrations and diagnostic.

Preparation of viral antigens using the propagated viruses for diagnosis and immunoglobulin production :
1. Harvesting viral material produced through the above techniques and clarifying them using high speed centrifuges
2. Lyophilisation (freeze drying) of antigens or harvested viruses
3. Aliquot freezing of viruses at -800C
4. Freezing in Liquid Nitrogen (cryopreservation)

I was in the forefront of designing technology and carrying out activities needed to develop tests needed to screen Zimbabwean Rhinocerous of different viral diseases. This was needed by the Zimbabwean government in order to be able to sell clean Rhinocerous to New Zealand. The activities involved raising Rabbit anti-Rhino immunoglobulin’s, conjugating the immunoglobulin’s using horseradish peroxidase and florescein which I then used to develop an ELISA and immunoflorescent test successfully.
Setting up of the virology laboratory at the University of Zimbabwe Veterinary Faculty was an achievement. During that period, I isolated a bovine virus IPV for the first time in Zimbabwe.

In 1990, I was attached to The Central Veterinary Institute of virology laboratory which included attachments in the High security laboratory in Lelystad, The Netherlands. I was introduced to a number of immunoblot tests, Eliza techniques, Electron microscopy and containment of highly infectious viruses. In 1991, I was attached to the WHO Collaboration Center for Rickettsia Reference and Research laboratory in Marseille France under Prof. Didier Raoul’s Laboratory where I learnt techniques in DNA technology including Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR.
Achievements in current job:
  1. Sourced tropical mushroom cultures from Philippines and developing mushroom production techniques suitable for this environment.
  2. Successfully set up a mushroom spawn facility and developed spawn for both tropical and temperate mushrooms.
  3. Carried out a detailed mushroom survey in two Zimbabwean districts which was funded by the Dutch Government
  4. Because of the success in Mushroom technologies, I was hired by UNDP as a consultant in training mushroom production in different African countries including: Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Benin, and The Gambia. Furthermore, UNDP sent academics from other African countries including Nigeria, Swaziland, Zambia, Namibia and Botswana to be trained in mushroom technology in my laboratory at Africa University.
  5. Together with Prof. F. Tagwira(husband), we initiated Grain Amaranth Research and production in Zimbabwe. I have since developed technologies for its harvesting in Zimbabwe.
  6. Together with my husband we initiated the planting of Moringa oleifera in Zimbabwe and distributed seeds in the country through individuals, Non-Governmental l Organisations and students.
  7. I was invited to participate at the WORLD EXPO 2000 in Hanover Germany where I showcased my expertise in mushroom technology. I managed to grow mushrooms there at the expo without a loboratory and using scrap cardboard apart from showcasing the work I had done in successfully introducing Oyster mushrooms to Sub Saharan Africa.

  8. Areas Of Interest
    • Molecular Biology
    • Nutrition
    • Gut microbiome
    • Mushroom Technology
    • Virology
Publications
  1. Tagwira M. Tagwira F. Duggar R. and Oakum, B (2006) Using Grain Amaranth to fight malnutrition. Proc. Of a conf on Women in Science, Entebbe Uganda P77-86.
  2. Ngezimana, W. Mtaita T., Shoko M., Tagwira M. (2008) Improoving Biological efficiency of Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus Fr. Through composting and use of organic supplements Int. J . Chem. Sci. 2 (1): 72-80.
  3. Kelly, P. Mathewman, L. Tagwira, M. (1991). Reactivity of Protein A, Protein G, Protein A/G to antibodies of different species of wildlife. South African Medical Journal, 83: pg 34-39
  4. Kelly P. Yunker C. E. Mason P, R. Tagwira M. Mathewman L. (1992) . Absence of antibody to cowdria ruminatum in sera from humans exposed to vector ticks. South African medical Journal 81: pg 578-607
Research Reports:
  1. Tagwira M. 1999, Mushroom production from easily available substrates in Africa. The world congress for Zero Emmision Research Initiatives (ZERI) Bogota Colombia.
  2. Tagwira M. (2005) Evaluation of Rusitu Mission Hospital and its impact on its catchment area. A study submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements of Master in Public Health Degree at Africa University.
  3. Tagwira M (2005). Evaluation of Rapid Disease Notification System (RDNS) for Manicaland. A study submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements of Master in Public Health Degree at Africa University.
  4. Tagwira M. (2006). The state of Medical Laboratories in Mutasa District and their role in the control of Malaria, TB and HIV. A study submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements of Master in Public Health Degree at Africa University.
  5. Tagwira, M., Muswaka A. and Muphuru, A. (1996) Survey Report on Indigenous Mushrooms in Buhera District and Gutu District of Zimbabwe. A Zimbabwe Biotechnology document.

MR WILLARD ZENDERA

Email: zenderaw@africau.edu

Ext: 1094

Academic Qualifications
  • M.Eng Manufacturing Systems and Operations Management (NUST),
  • M.Sc. AICM. (Egerton, Kenya),
  • B.Sc. (Hons) Agricultural Engineering (U.Z),
  • GradZweIE

Achievements:
  1. Presented my research at the 2012 Annual Medical Research Day in Harare
  2. Second Best presenter at 2016 Zimbabwe Annual Scientific Conference( ZASCO)
Areas Of Interest
  1. Irrigation Systems Design,
  2. Food Processing and Postharvest Technology,
  3. Analysis and Design of Agricultural Systems,
  4. ICT4D.

Recent Projects
  1. May-June 2016- Installed a gravity fed 3.1 ha sprinkler irrigation system for 31 farmers with a 4.6 km pipeline in Honde valley (Takazvida Water Project)
    Client- Pungwe Basin Trans-boundary Integrated Water Resources Management and Development Programme (PP2)
  2. June-July 2016- Installed a gravity fed water reticulation systetem for 28 households with a 7 km pipeline in Honde Valley (Nyamakovera Water Project)
    Client- Pungwe Basin Trans-boundary Integrated Water Resources Management and Development Programme (PP2)
  1. Mafume PN, Zendera W, Mutetwa M, Musimbo N (2016). Challenges of solid waste management in Zimbabwe: a case study of Sakubva high density suburb. Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 3(2): 142-155.
  2. Zendera, W., G.O. Obwoyere, and E.K. Maranga (2011). Access and Utilization of Agro meteorological Information by Smallholder Irrigation Farmers in Kenya. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, Vol 10. pp.1-4. Uganda.
  3. Zendera, W., G.O. Obwoyere, and E.K. Maranga (2011). Application of Weather Forecasts in Agriculture: Communication Agro-meteorological Information to Smallholder Farmers in Kenya. LAP Lambert academic publishing. Germany.

Conference Presentations
  1. Presented a paper- 17th Water Net/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium. Gaborone Botswana 26-28 October 2016 Title: A Weather Index Based Crop Insurance Model Using Artificial Neural Networks
  2. Presented a paper –11th African crop science conference, Maputo Mozambique 10-13 0ctober 2011
  3. Presented a paper – second RUFORUM Biennial conference, Entebe Uganda 20-24 September 2010

MR JEFTA TABARIRA

Email: tabariraj@africau.edu

Ext: 1081

Academic Qualifications
  1. Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) Africa University
  2. BSc Agriculture Management, Zimbabwe Open University
  3. National Diploma in Agriculture: Gwebi Agric. College, Zimbabwe
  4. National Certificate in Agriculture: Mlezu Agric. College, Zimbabwe

Areas of Interest:
  • Plant breeding and Agronomy
  • Cassava production, fortification and utilization for increased food and nutrition security.
  • Organic farming.
  1. Zimba Linah Tanyaradzwa, Mtaita Tuarira, Mutetwa Moses and Tabarira Jefta (2015), Effects of planting depth and variety on container produced potatoes: J. Glob. Innov. Agric. Soc. Sci., 2015
  2. Mugwendere Terence, Mtaita Tuarira, Mutetwa Moses and Tabarira Jefta (2015), Use of vermicompost as a soil supplement on growth and yield of rape (Brassica napus) J Global Innov Agri Soc Sci, 2015, 3(1): 25-31.
  3. Hamunyari CHITSA, Tuarira MTAITA and Jefta TABARIRA( 2014), Nutrient content of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) under different harvesting stages and preservation methods in Zimbabwe: Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 8(3): 854-861
  4. Mtaita T. A. and Tabarira Jefta (2013). "Cassava: A gentle giant for past, present and future", (ISBN 978-3-659-35368-0). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG

MR LAWRENCE KIES

Email:

Ext:

Academic Qualifications
  • M Sc, Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis, USA 1993
  • B Sc, Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa USA 1976

Areas Of Interest
  1. Farm Management,
  2. Principles of Crop Production,
  3. Practical Agriculture,
  4. Theology of Land Praxis and Animal Husbandry

MS MUNASHE KUREHWATIRA

Email: kurehwatiram@africau.edu

Ext: 1238

Academic Qualifications
  1. MSc Ecological Resources Management – Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe
  2. BSc (Honours) Natural Resources Management and Agriculture (Land and Water Resources management – Major) – Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Areas of Interest:
  • Global Environmental Changes
  • Mountain Ecosystems Research
  • Clean Technology Research

MR SOUL WASHAYA

Email: washayas@africau.edu

Ext: 1174

Academic Qualifications
  1. Dip. In Agriculture
  2. BSc Hon in Agriculture
  3. MSc Animal Science

Research Interest:

Ruminant animals’production majoring in animal nutrition, greenhouse gas emissions from ruminants and mitigatory measures applicable at famer level.

  1. 1. S. Washaya, J. F. Mupangwa, and E. Muranda 2016. Nutritional Value and Utilization of Yams (Dioscorea steriscus) by Residents of Bindura Town High Density Suburbs, Zimbabwe. Hindawi Publishing Corporation , Advances in Agriculture Volume 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5934738
Publications under review
  1. Washaya Soul 1*, Johnfisher Mupangwa1 and Voster Muchenje1 . Effect of legume hay supplementation on feed intake, growth and in-vivo digestibility and volatile fatty acid production of Xhosa goats. Animal ( submitted)
  2. Mpongwana S , Mupangwa J and Washaya S 2016. "The effect of Phosphorus fertilizer and rhizobium inoculation on growth performance and biomass production of lablab purpureus in Alice, South Africa". African Journal of Range & Forage ( under review)

Conference Presentations
  1. ASSAf Fourth Annual South African Young Scientists’ Conference, 14-16 October 2014: Impact and adoption of feed technologies by Smallholder Dairy farmers in Nharira – Lancashire Dairy Scheme
  2. RIO SET 31 August to 03 September 2016: Impact and adoption of feed technologies by Smallholder Dairy farmers in Nharira – Lancashire Dairy Scheme
  3. SASAS 03 – 07 August 2016: Proximate composition of Lablab (Lablab purpureus) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) forages grown in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Symposium

Abstract accepted for 11th Zimbabwe International Research Symposium scheduled for 16 and 17 February 2017 Effects of Rumen Inoculum Source on In-vitro digestibility of Forage Legumes (Lablab purpureus and Vigna unguiculata) grown in the Eastern Cape Province; South Africa.”

DR WALTER MASAKURE MANYANGARIRWA

Email: manyangarirwaw@africau.edu

Ext: 1097

Academic Qualifications
  1. PhD Entomology- Clemson University, South Carolina, 2009.
  2. Graduate Diploma in Seed Pathology- Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Kopenhagen, 2001.
  3. MSc Crop Protection, University of Zimbabwe, 1996.
  4. BSc Agriculture and Natural Resources, Africa University, 1994.

Areas of Interest:

Diversity of insects of Southern Africa, Integrated Pest Management, health status of crop seeds.

Published Book

Dobson, H.M., Cooper, J.F., Manyangarirwa, W. and Chiimba W. 2002. Integrated Vegetable Pest Management. Natural Resources Institute, Kent, UK. 179 pp. ISBN 0 85954 5369


Published Articles (Referred Journals)
  1. Muponda, V., Manyangarirwa, W., Mtaita T. and Mutetwa, M. 2016. Prevalence and Severity of Bacterial Soft Rot in Commonly Grown Potato varieties in Nyanga District, Zimbabwe. Journal of Global Innovations in Agricultural and Social Sciences, 4(1):1-7.
  2. Taruvinga, A., Chiteka, Z.A., Manyangarirwa, W. and Souta, C. 2016. Impact of mechanical and chemical weed control on yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) var. Nyanda at Rattray Arnold Research Station in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 5(1): 34-43.
  3. Ntambo, M.S., Manyangarirwa, W., Mtaita, T and Onesime, M.K. 2015. Effect of the Lepidopterous Stem borers, Busseola fusca (Fuller) and Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) on maize (Zea mays L.) Yield: A Review. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 4(10): 181-188
  4. Ntambo, M.S., Manyangarirwa, W., Mtaita, T and Onesime, M.K. 2015. Effect of the Lepidoptera Stem borers, Busseola fusca (Fuller) and Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) on green mealies production. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 4(10): 366-374
  5. Shamudzarira, M., Svotwa, E. and Manyangarirwa, W. 2014. The relationship between ground based multi-spectral radiometer sensor derived ndvi and agronomic variables of flue cured tobacco for in-season crop monitoring. International Journal of Soil and Crop Sciences, 2 (6): 54-60.
  6. Shamudzarira, M., Svotwa, E., and Manyangarirwa, W. 2014. Development of mathematical models for estimating tobacco crop biophysical parameters using multispectral radiometer and upscaled Modis derived NDVI. International Journal of Agricultural Research and Review, 2 (5): 76-83.
  7. Mashezha, I., Rukuni, D., Manyangarirwa, W. and Svotwa, E., 2013. Impact of time of weeding on tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) growth and yield. ISRN Agronomy. Vol. 2013. Article ID 517824, 4 pp. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/517824.
  8. Manyangarirwa, W., Zehnder, G.W., McCutcheon, G.S., Adler, P.H., Smith, J.P., and Mphuru, A.N., 2011. The in vitro efficacy of a Zimbabwean isolate of Zoophthora radicans Brefeld (Batko) in the control of Lepidoptera larvae infesting Brassica spp. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 4 (14): 1717-1722.
  9. Manyangarirwa, W., Turnbull, M., McCutcheon, G.S. and Smith, J.P., 2006. Gene pyramiding as a Bt resistance management strategy; How sustainable is this strategy?. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5 (10): 781-785. Sibiya, J., Manyangarirwa, W. and Albrechtsen, S.E. 2002. First record of Peanut Mottle Virus from Bambara groundnut seed in Zimbabwe. African Plant Protection, 8 (1&2): 1-2.
  10. Manyangarirwa, W., and C.M. Mguni 2002. The role of the Danish International Development Assistance in Improving Plant Quarantine infrastructure and Service provision in Zimbabwe. Phytosanitary News Bulletin, 31: 10-11.
  11. Sibanda, T., Dobson, H.M., Cooper, J.F., Manyangarirwa, W. and Chiimba, W. 2000. Pest management challenges for smallholder vegetable farmers in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 19: 807-815.
  12. Manyangarirwa W. and Mtaita T.A. 1997. Comparative effects of lime and poultry manure on soil acidity, wheat growth and yield on an orthoferralitic soil. Zimbabwe Journal of Agricultural Research, 35 (2): 141-149.

Conference Proceedings full papers
  1. Manyangarirwa, W., Sibiya, J. and Mortensen, C.N. 2010. Seed-borne viruses detected on farm retained seeds from smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh and Vietnam. Proceedings of the Second RUFORUM Biennial Conference, Vol. II. pp. 1063- 1069.
  2. Manyangarirwa, W., Zehnder, G.W., McCutcheon, G.S., Smith, J.P., Adler, P.H., and Mphuru, A.N. 2009. Parasitoids of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.). (Lepidoptera: Pluttelidae) on Brassicas in Zimbabwe. 9th African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. pp. 565-570.
  3. Manyangarirwa, W. Bwerazuva, T., and Mortensen, C.N. 2009. Seed-borne fungal and bacterial pathogens on farm-retained cowpea seeds from Zimbabwe. 9th African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. pp. 595-599.
  4. Icishahayo, D., Sibiya, J., Dimbi, S. Madakadze, I.C., Manyangarirwa, W. and Chipindu, B. 2009. Assessment of quality and health of field bean seeds home saved by smallholder farmers. 9th African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. pp. 609-615.
  5. Icishahayo, D., Ngadze, I.E., Mashingaidze A.B., Sibiya, J., Manyangarirwa W., Chipundu, B. and Dube, E. 2007. Effect of irrigation and planting date on common bean seed quality and health. 8th African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, Vol. 8: 479-487.
  6. Sibiya, J., Manyangarirwa, W., Mguni, C.M. and Mortensen, C.N., 2003. Assessment of bacterial pathogens in tomato and paprika seeds from the smallholder farming sector of Zimbabwe. 7th African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. Vol 6; 303-306.

Conference Proceedings Abstracts
  1. Kiala, P.M. and Manyangarirwa, W. 2011. Integrated management of the diamondback moth on cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the 10th African Crop Science Society Conference, Maputo.
  2. Manyangarirwa, W., Mguni, C.M., Bwerazuva, T. and Leth, V. 2002. Incidence, severity and seed-borne status of fungal diseases of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the First International Integrated Pest Management Conference for Sub-Saharan Africa. IPM CRSP and Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
  3. Manyangarirwa, W. and Leth, V. 2002. Seed-borne fungal pathogens of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench.) in Zimbabwe and their effect on germination and seedling quality. Proceedings of the INTSORMIL International Principal Investigators Conference. EARO, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.